Smooth out pla 3d print

How to Get Perfectly Smooth PLA 3D Prints – Clever Creations

Are you interested in smooth PLA 3D prints but aren’t sure where to start? You’re not alone! PLA smoothing is one of the most common concerns among 3D printing enthusiasts who want glossy prints without the hassle of working with ABS.

While you won’t find a direct equivalent of ABS acetone smoothing for PLA, there are several other methods you can use to achieve a smooth outer surface on your prints. Whether you just don’t like the 3D printed look, want to sell your 3D prints, or need a smooth piece for certain applications, PLA smoothing is fast and easy.

In this article, you’ll find the most common products and techniques used in PLA smoothing, how to use them, the benefits and disadvantages of each method, and when one method should be used over another.

What is PLA Smoothing?

PLA smoothing is the process of removing the visible layer lines that are generated on 3D printed parts during the printing process. A smoothed 3D print becomes just that: smooth. The outside of the print loses the 3D printed look and appears more like injection-molded plastic.

PLA is one of the most common 3D printing materials available because it is easy to use, cheap, and readily available. PLA prints at a low temperature and does not have a strong tendency to warp (unlike ABS filament), making it a good choice for beginners.


PLA vs ABS: Which Filament is Better?

There are many methods to achieve a smooth look on PLA prints, and they usually require either by removing the excess plastic that causes the visible layers or filling in the tiny gaps between the layers with some sort of brush-on coating. Each method has its pros and cons and some are better for certain projects than others.

Why Smooth PLA 3D Prints?

There are several reasons for smoothing PLA 3D prints, but the most common one is aesthetic. Many enthusiasts don’t like the lined look of 3D prints and would prefer to remove them. This is especially true if they are making money with their 3D printer by selling 3D prints, since their customers may not appreciate the rough texture.

You also may need to fill in or remove your layer lines for certain applications. For example, if you are using the print as a master for making a silicone mold, you may want to smooth it so the texture isn’t transferred and so that casting materials like resin end up being glossy instead of matte.

Some of the methods used for smoothing PLA prints, like epoxy coatings, also make your prints more resilient. The coatings seal the layers and protect them from moisture and dirt. This is especially helpful if you plan to use your prints outside. Even sanding and spray painting your prints gives them more water and heat resistance.

An additional benefit of epoxy coatings is that they can help make your PLA food safe.

Methods to Smooth PLA Filament Prints


XTC-3D is a high-performance two-part epoxy resin coating formulated to smooth 3D prints. Epoxy resin generates heat as it cures, so typical epoxies can warp 3D prints made from low-temperature materials like PLA. XTC-3D is formulated to cure at a lower temperature, so it won’t damage your prints.

Like most resins, XTC works by mixing the dormant resin with a proportionate amount of hardener. Once the hardening agent is added, the resin will go from liquid to solid within a certain amount of time. While it’s still in its liquid phase, you can paint a thin layer of it on your print and let it cure.

Resin coats like XTC are a great option for smoothing 3D prints because they are relatively simple to use and produce great results. The resin coating fills in the layers and adds a glossy shine. You can even sand and paint the resin coating as needed to easily achieve the look you want.

Epoxy resins should be handled with care and proper personal protection equipment. Always use XTC-3D in an area with good ventilation (while ideally wearing a respirator) and wear protection like latex or nitrile gloves and goggles to protect your skin and eyes. Be sure to check the product’s MSDS for more information on safe handling.

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  • Paints on easily
  • Clear glossy finish
  • Protects your prints


  • Expensive
  • Fumes while uncured

3D Gloop

One of the most versatile 3D printing products you can buy, 3D Gloop is an adhesive meant for coating the print bed and gluing 3D printed parts together. However, it also works well as a brush-on coating to smooth PLA, ABS, or PETG 3D prints.

Unlike resin formulas like XTC-3D, you don’t need to mix or otherwise prepare 3D Gloop—you can brush it on in thin layers directly from the bottle and let it dry. They have formulas specifically made for different types of filament, so make sure you are using the PLA product for smoothing PLA parts.

3D Gloop does produce a lot of fumes while in use, so always use it in a well-ventilated area or with a respirator. You should also wear gloves and goggles and try to avoid direct contact with your skin (and be sure to wash it off quickly if skin contact does happen). If you also resin 3D printing, you might already have this equipment at hand.


Resin vs Filament 3D Printers: What’s the Difference?


  • Easy to use
  • Versatile
  • Made for 3D prints


  • Hazardous fumes

Sanding and Painting

Image: AxeCatAwesome via Reddit

Sanding PLA can give great results

The easiest and most common way to smooth PLA 3D prints is to sand and paint them. This process is the most time-consuming, but it yields excellent results when done thoroughly. With sanding, you are physically removing the layer lines, whereas with other methods, you are filling them in.

Sanding and painting will give you the most control over your finished piece. If you want to 3D print a helmet or create 3D printed cosplay armor, this is the method to go for.

To sand a PLA print, start with a rough quality sandpaper like 100 grit and sand down all the layer lines and areas you want smooth. Use the next size like 200 grit to sand it again, and keep repeating the process while you work your way up to finer sandpaper sheets.

Image: 3D Printed Props via Youtube

Make sure you don’t skip grits when sanding PLA

You can keep sanding until you reach 2000 grit paper for a very smooth 3D print surface, but this may be more than you need for your print. If you plan to prime and paint your piece, you likely won’t have to go that high. Assess your print after each grit and stop when you reach the texture you want.

You can use a wood filler or other filler primer before sanding to fill in some of the layers. This will cut down on a lot of the sanding needed and give your print a nice surface texture for holding paint.

From there you can paint your print as needed using whatever type of paint you prefer. Spray paint works well for large prints, while gloss paint adds shine to your new smooth surface.

Keep in mind that wet sanding (using wet sandpaper or keeping your print submerged in water while sanding) is best for PLA prints since it keeps the friction from melting the plastic and keeps you from inhaling the dust particles from the PLA. It can take a while to finish using this method, but it holds paint very well and looks great.

3M 88619NA 99419 Sand Paper, 9&quot x 11&quot

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  • Gives you the most control
  • Most affordable option


  • Time-consuming
  • Takes a lot of effort

Heat Gun

Image: Tinkerine via Youtube

Be careful not to overheat your PLA prints when smoothing with a heat gun

If you want a non-chemical method that doesn’t require quite as much elbow grease as sanding, you can try using a heat gun. This method can be very effective at smoothing 3D prints when used correctly. However, it is rather difficult to do without accidentally melting your prints (especially ones made from PLA), so be sure to practice on failed or broken prints first.

Smoothing a PLA 3D print with a heat gun melts the outside layers of plastic just enough to remove the layer lines and give the print a shiny gloss. You carefully move the heat gun around the print, never staying on one area too long in order to heat the whole print evenly. When the surface of the print looks wet, you can turn off the heat gun and let the print cool.


How to Melt and Dissolve PLA Filament

This is a helpful technique to quickly get a smooth, shiny look with a tool you might already have on hand. Since it’s so difficult to get consistent results, this method is probably best kept as a last resort or when the results don’t matter as much.

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  • Quick
  • Uses a common tool
  • Gives a shiny surface


  • Hard to do well
  • Results are inconsistent

PolyMaker PolySmooth PVB Filament

Image: Polymaker

Printing under similar settings and conditions as PLA, PolySmooth is a special low-temperature filament that can be smoothed with isopropyl alcohol. For fans of the ABS acetone smoothing, this is one of the closest equivalents you can get to that process with PLA or PLA+ filaments.

PolySmooth is easy to use. It prints at a low temp like PLA and doesn’t require a heated bed or 3D printer enclosure. You can spray alcohol onto your finished model and have a smooth print within minutes. The alcohol breaks down the outermost layer of plastic, leaving behind a shiny and smooth surface similar to that of a vapor-smoothed ABS.

Image: Polymaker

You can also use the PolyMaker Polysher to smooth 3D prints. Similar to a wash station for resin prints, the Polysher machine evenly coats the prints with vaporized alcohol. You can set the start and end times for the Polysher, ensuring smooth 3D prints every time.

While you don’t need to purchase the Polysher to use PolySmooth, it is a good way to automate the smoothing process if you have a lot of prints to do. It gives more consistent results across many prints.

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Polymaker Polysher - Post Processing Device to Smooth Print Surface...

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  • Prints like PLA
  • Safer than vapor smoothing
  • Uses isopropyl alcohol


  • Costly

Chemical Smoothing

If you are wondering if there are chemicals available that smooth PLA similar to how acetone smooths ABS, the short answer is yes. There are some chemicals like ethyl acetate that can vapor smooth PLA, but they are not ideal for many reasons.

We also don’t recommend using them since they are highly toxic (especially when vaporized), expensive, and difficult to source. Ethyl acetate in particular poses a significant health hazard if inhaled and is highly flammable.

With products like PolySmooth on the market, you can already smooth 3D print layer lines without needing to use hazardous chemicals.

Abrasive Smoothing Methods

Abrasive smoothing methods like tumbling and sandblasting are another possibility to smooth 3D prints. These methods are fairly versatile because different tumbling media and blasting mixtures will give you different results.

However, the processes tend to work best with metal-filled PLAs. Regular PLA prints have mixed results. Sticking to the best PLA filament brands does help get better results.


The 10 Best PLA Filaments for 3D Printing

Tumbling 3D prints has been met with limited success. Vibratory bowls tend to work better than rotary tumblers. Using an actual tumbling media instead of the cheaper options like steel nails/shot or walnut shells also gives more consistent results.

Tumbling regular PLA prints usually softens the layer lines but doesn’t completely remove them. Metal and wood-filled PLA filaments, on the other hand, tend to have better results in a tumbler and look nicely polished and smoothed from the process.

Sandblasting is another option for smoothing PLA prints that offers varied success. Like tumbling, how efficient sandblasting is depends on the media used. Using fresh sand produces the best results. Like with tumbling you usually won’t completely remove your lines, but it will make them less noticeable.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best way to smooth PLA prints?

The “best way” really depends on what you’re trying to accomplish with your finished print. If you just want it to look nice and smooth with minimal effort, XTC-3D resin coating is probably your best option. However, this adds another layer of materials on top of your print, so if you plan to paint it afterward, you will lose your small details.

If you want more control over the detailing of your smoothed prints, sanding is the best method to use. Since you are doing the process by hand, you have the most control over where the sandpaper goes. This method is best when used on prints that are going to be painted after.

Finally, for a quick smoothing effect that still leaves most details and doesn’t require much time, using PolySmooth filament instead of your usual PLA is a fast and easy way to get smooth results, so this will be the best option for everyday prints or when you need to smooth many prints quickly.

How do you smooth PLA without sanding?

To smooth 3D prints without sanding, you can use a liquid coating or filler primer to fill in and seal the layers. XTC-3D and 3D Gloop are the best choices for this, but there are other products available as well.

You can use the heat gun method detailed in this article, but that one takes quite a bit of practice to use well and doesn’t always produce consistent results.

Can you acetone smooth PLA?

No, acetone does not react with PLA plastic in the same way it does ABS, so it will have little to no effect on your 3D print. ABS is acetone soluble, meaning it will break down in acetone. PLA has few chemical reactions (and even less so that work like acetone and ABS), so finding a chemical smoother is not feasible.

If you want the experience of printing with PLA and the easy smoothing of acetone, you’ll need to buy PolySmooth or some other filament made for easy post-processing.

Can you smooth PLA with heat?

Yes, you can use heat to smooth your PLA parts, but your results will vary since it is very easy to damage your prints this way. The best way to heat smooth 3D prints is to only heat the outermost layers of plastic. Being too aggressive will also melt or warp the inside layers, causing the print to deform.

Heating the print in an oven or similar appliance often results in uneven heating. Your prints can overheat or burn in some areas while other areas haven’t even started to smooth. This is because the heat is coming from a static source, so it doesn’t distribute evenly within the oven.

Image: Tinkerine via Youtube

Your results with smoothing PLA in an oven will vary

Using a heat gun gives you more control to evenly heat the print and overall better results than a static heat source, but even that produces inconsistent results. More aggressive heat sources like an open flame almost always damage the prints, even when they can be moved around.

Does isopropyl smooth PLA?

No, isopropyl alcohol (IPA) will not smooth PLA. However, you can get the desired results with Polymaker’s Polysmooth. This is a special PLA filament that has been treated to be more responsive to IPA.

Can you vapor smooth PLA?

Yes, technically you can smooth PLA 3D prints using a vapor deposition process, but the chemicals required are not safe for human exposure.

How do you smooth a 3D printed figure?

There are a few ways to smooth out a 3D printed figure. One is to use sandpaper to lightly sand down the rough edges. Another is to use a heat gun to slightly melt the edges and give them a smoother appearance.

You can also use chemicals like acetone or XTC-3D to smooth out the surface of the print. Whichever method you choose, make sure to take your time and be careful not to damage the figure.

Finally, the best way to create a smooth 3D printed figurine is by using resin 3D printing instead of FDM printing. There are plenty of 3D printers for miniatures that work well for this purpose.

How do I get a smooth finish with PLA?

There are a few things you can do to get a smoother finish with PLA. First, make sure your printer is calibrated correctly, for example by using a temperature tower to set the right temperatures. This will help ensure that the layers are printed evenly.

Second, use a higher-quality PLA filament. Some brands of PLA filament are known for having a smoother finish than others.


The 10 Best PLA Filaments for 3D Printing

Finally, try using a different nozzle size. A smaller nozzle size (and thus smaller layer heights) will result in a smoother finish.

Final Thoughts

Whether you enjoy the cleaner look of finished prints or need a smooth surface on your prints for functionality, you have several options for making your PLA prints look amazing.

Smoothing layer lines from PLA isn’t as easy as some other 3D printing materials, but there are several methods and products available to help you do it as painlessly as possible. From brush-on epoxy resin products that fill in layers to special filaments to basic sandpaper, there is a smoothing method that works for most projects.

Do you still have questions about smoothing PLA prints? Let us know in the comments!

How to smooth PLA? 4 techniques and tricks

PLA is undoubtedly the most widely used material for 3D printing worldwide, but it has some disadvantages. In particular, one of the things that often makes people prefer ABS over PLA is the ability to smooth it out using acetone.

If you think that PLA cannot be smoothed to get the same results as ABS, let me tell you that you are wrong. Want to know more? Then hang around because we’re just getting started.

📖 What do you want to read?

What do we mean when we talk about smoothing PLA?

Well, it’s very simple: when we talk about smoothing PLA we mean applying some kind of post-processing to our PLA printed parts to make the additive manufacturing layers invisible and eliminate possible imperfections.

What are the advantages of smoothing a PLA printed part?

Smoothing our PLA printed parts offers several advantages, not all of which are obvious:

  • It allows us to print at higher layer heights, saving printing time. By smoothing the parts the layers will be almost invisible so it will not matter so much if we have used a small or large layer height.
  • It allows us to use more conservative printing parameters. We will be able to use more supports without fearing the marks they leave, print at higher temperatures to prevent jams at the cost of losing some aesthetic quality…
  • Depending on how we smooth our part, we may be able to increase its mechanical strength as well as improve its appearance.
  • It saves a lot of sanding time if our goal is to paint the part later.

As you can see in the photo above, a figure printed with 0.35 mm layers and then smoothed has a better finish than a part printed with 0.1 mm layers that would have taken more than three times as long to print. The example of the figure is a piece of ABS smoothed with acetone vapor, but a piece of PLA smoothed with one of the methods that we will suggest would work exactly the same.

What methods are available to smooth out PLA?

There are several ways of smoothing parts printed on PLA to obtain the benefits described above. Today we are going to talk about three of them: Chemical smoothing using dichloromethane, smoothing by applying epoxy resin and smoothing using a specific PLA of the polymaker brand.

Smoothing with dichloromethane

Before explaining this method to you, we must warn you that it is not something you should do at home without the proper precautions. In Bitfab we believe that safety comes first, so we recommend that you do not try this method if you do not have adequate protective measures to deal with potentially dangerous chemicals. Wearing glasses and gloves is essential, as well as doing all the work in a very well ventilated place. We insist on the importance of this, as the products used, while not extremely dangerous, can cause problems if not handled carefully.

Now, let’s start with the explanation. To smooth PLA we need to find a chemical that dissolves this polymer, just as acetone dissolves ABS. PLA itself is a plastic that is formulated in many different ways depending on brand and color, so some solvents do not work with all PLAs. Acetone itself, used with ABS parts, can be used in some types of PLA depending on its formulation, but it is not the most common.

For most cases the less dangerous solvent that usually works is dichloromethane or methylene chloride. This chemical is relatively safe if handled carefully and consciously because of some of its properties such as its characteristic sweet smell that prevents it from evaporating unnoticed.

The instructions for use are very simple, although there are two alternatives: direct application or application by means of steam. If we want to apply the product directly we can use some element such as a brush or a paintbrush. If the piece to be smoothed is small, it can be immersed for a few seconds in a container filled with this product. We have tested it by applying the product with a brush and we got amazing results.

An alternative, and slightly more demanding, way is to smooth the part by leaving it in a container with methylene chloride steam. We can do this in several ways, but the simplest would be to use an airtight container and place inside our part and one or more pieces of paper soaked in dichloromethane. This technique is basically the same as the one used for smoothing ABS pieces using acetone and you can find many videos on youtube. Here is one that explains in a very simple way how you can do it:

Smoothing PLA using epoxy resin

The one that we have tested, and that we can guarantee works is this one of the XTC-3D brand.

In the picture on the right you can clearly see the effect of this type of resin. Even in a model like this, where the original model was already very well printed, applying a layer of resin leaves a perfect finish, which almost looks like a piece produced by injection.

The method of application will vary depending on the resin we choose, and you should follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Usually it is a two-component compound that we must mix and then apply with a brush or spatula.

Smoothing PLA using Polymaker branded products

There is a type of PLA whose formulation makes it soluble in isopropyl alcohol, a much less dangerous product than acetone or methylene chloride. This is why this material, of the Polymaker brand, has become quite popular among those who want to smooth their parts without getting too complicated. This brand’s PLA, called Polysmooth, is printed like regular PLA and has the same properties. Once printed we can apply alcohol directly or through steam, as explained above. Additionally, the people at Polymaker have developed their own steam chamber to smooth out your parts in a professional manner.

This is probably the most professional way of smoothing your pieces, since by using a material specifically designed for this purpose you will get more consistent results than if you use one of the previous more “homemade” methods.

You can find the PLA here and the polisher here. It is priced at around 300 euros at the time of writing. In our opinion it is an excellent investment for the professional sector, since it provides the best results in a simple and consistent way, with guaranteed good finishings and without requiring any special skill

The most demanding solution: sanding and painting

There is another solution, but it is the most time-consuming of all. It is to post-process the part completely by priming, sanding and painting.

To prepare a part for sanding you can use the epoxy resin we talked about or a body primer spray, which fills the gaps in the coats. It is also possible to do this without any surface treatment, which involves sanding a little more to completely remove the marks from the coats.

After sanding you can prime the part and paint it using spray, brush… or the method of your choice.

To conclude

We have taught you several methods to smooth your PLA parts so you can find the one that best suits your needs. There are other methods to do this, in addition to other materials that can serve as an alternative to PLA if you want to get excellent finishes.

In Bitfab we are experts in additive manufacturing and post-processing, so you can trust us if you need help to manufacture your parts or want advice on this issue.

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Beginner's Guide to Smoothing 3D Models